How India’s Mental Healthcare Laws Affect You – Healthcare

India is one of the few countries that has a National Health Policy (NHP, 2002) that categorically mentions mental health, as well as a National Mental Health Program (NMHP) and a dedicated Mental Health Act 1987 (MHA). The most recent one is THE MENTAL HEALTHCARE BILL (ACT) passed in 2016.The objective of the Act is “to provide for mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and to protect, promote and fulfil the rights of such persons during delivery of mental healthcare and services and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.”Simply put, this means that any individual with a diagnosed mental illness has the right to access healthcare and any other related services. These services will be delivered with dignity and respect to the individual.The act clearly defines all parties and subjects mentioned in the bill. It addresses what mental healthcare is (analysis, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of an individual with a diagnosed or suspected mental illness). It outlines the parties involved including family members and caregivers, psychiatric social workers and mental health professionals. It very importantly defines and underlines all the aspects of informed consent, a very significant matter in a country where a quarter of the population are illiterate and lakhs are medically uneducated. It also clearly and comprehensively defines mental illness as different from mental retardation.The bill is very important to the average Indian citizen because it finally opens up the mental health space to anyone who wants help, regardless of the diagnosis. In the coming years, it could go a long way to destigmatise mental health treatment. Here are some of the most important points of the act that we all need to be aware of as its beneficiaries:Decriminalisation of attempted suicide
In a much needed move, survivors of attempted suicide will not be sent to jail but instead to a rehabilitation program where they can receive treatment for their issues. The individual shall be presumed to be suffering from ‘severe stress’, a term which has replaced the earlier bill’s assumption of ‘mental illness’. They are therefore exempt from trial and punishment.Empowerment of the mentally ill
While earlier acts sought to ‘protect’ the general population from those suffering from mental illness, the new bill recognises the agency and abilities of such people and grants them facilities for rehabilitation and support. This means recognising the inherent dignity of such persons and according them the right to make decisions regarding their treatment, if they can understand relevant information. It also gives every person the right to make an Advance Directive regarding the treatment they wish to receive in the case of any future mental illness, and this Directive must be followed unless overturned by the respective Board.Restricted use of Electro-Convulsive Therapy (ECT)
Electro-Convulsive Therapy will only be used in the rarest of cases and with informed consent. It is completely prohibited as emergency treatment, without muscle relaxants and anaesthesia and minors, although the last one is subject to permission from the guardian and the relevant Board. The Bill also prohibits the sterilisation of the mentally ill unless it is part of their rehabilitation.Empowerment of the police
Police officers will be required to take under their protection any mentally-ill person on the streets within the limits of their police station. They are also to take notice of any case of ill-treatment of a mentally-ill person and report it to the Magistrate, who can then have the individual examined by a mental health professional and rehabilitated if necessary.The importance of informed consent
In the definition of informed consent, there’s a very crucial factor marked out: using language that the individual can understand. Too often professionals trained in urban areas consider it too cumbersome to actually break down complex terms and biological processes to patients who, regardless of economic or educational background, may have difficulty grasping these concepts. It’s very important as mental health professionals to remember that their purpose is to help, not to dictate. It is the ethical responsibility of treating professionals to work with people rather than simply assume that educational qualifications alone give the power to dictate an individual’s treatment. The bill also grants the patient complete access to their medical records unless such a disclosure would result in harm to themselves or others.Placing responsibility on the government
The very first line of the act allocates responsibility to the government to either run or fund mental health care centres that will make a range of quality treatment accessible to all citizens, regardless of economic or social background. The act goes on to make special provisions for those living below the poverty line, destitute or homeless, entitling them to free care.Placing the quality of healthcare for mental illness on par with that for physical illness
This is another strong step towards the destigmatisation of mental health. By assuring care equal in quality, the bill aims to bring mental health care into the mainstream, and no longer treat it as rare and specialty treatment only available for the wealthy and urban citizens.The right to complain
By outlining the steps a citizen can take if discriminated against, and detailing the persons to be approached, the area of mental health care is finally transparent. If a patient suffers a breach of confidence or poor quality care, they can approach the medical officer or mental health professional in charge of the establishment, the concerned Board and finally the State Authority to seek justice.To take control of your health, it is important to know your rights. Being informed is the first step towards being a better citizen.

Rehabilitation Jobs in Medical and Healthcare Industry – Healthcare

Rehabilitation jobs in medical and healthcare industry are fast growing career options at present. Physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, occupational therapists, occupational therapist assistants and speech language pathologists can find well-paid jobs in the healthcare industry. Rehabilitation job opportunities exist in various healthcare centers and medical centers throughout the US.Nature of Rehabilitation JobsRehabilitation professionals provide round-the-clock service according to the changing needs of disabled individuals, helping them to perform their routine activities. Irrespective of the age of the patients, they are bound to serve people with various disabilities including fractures, injuries, neurological, psychiatric and many other orthopedic problems. They examine, diagnose, evaluate and formulate various treatment plans based on the diagnosis and medical reports of the patients.Qualifications and Experience RequiredThose who are seeking rehabilitation jobs in the medical and healthcare industry should possess a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree from an accredited institute. Since they have to take care of disabled people, they should have considerable patience; besides, they should possess excellent communication skills to interact with the patients and the caregivers. Depending on your experience and qualifications, you can find better job positions in reputable firms.Job BenefitsRehabilitation jobs in the US offer a number of benefits for the jobseekers, and these include healthcare insurance, additional state license, section 125 cafeteria plan, immigration processing, short-term disability, professional liability, paid housing and much more.With the help of a recruiting agency, candidates can reduce their job hunting efforts. These agencies enable the candidates to track down the right jobs easily. Jobs in the rehabilitation field not only carry excellent career prospects and pay package, but also ensure complete job satisfaction.

Consumer Genomics Is Transforming Healthcare – Healthcare

With people reeling from the reality of rising healthcare costs, it is easy to think that there is no hope in sight to obtain affordable healthcare for everybody. However, a fundamental change in healthcare is poised to occur within the next few years as personal genomics finally penetrate the mainstream. Genetic sequencing has made long strides over the last 15 years, when the Human Genome Project produced its first rough draft assembly of the genome itself.This effort was achieved by researchers sequencing DNA from a wide range of individuals and then combining that information together into a general average that scientists can use to better understand how individual genes affect an organism in its entirety. Every single human being’s genome is different; while there may be similarities between individuals, but ultimately every person is unique which means that their health is unique to them as well.This concept is already being investigated within the current hunt for genetically resilient people living among us. By studying variations in how certain people are able to combat deadly diseases at the genetic level, researchers are hoping to replicate that information into future generations of drug treatments. Individual sequencing is what drives the concept of personal genomics. Instead of taking samples to find a population’s genetic average, personal genomics advocates sequencing every single person and presenting that knowledge to them, in order to optimize their health and well-being.For example, it can let an individual know with certainty whether or not they are susceptible to certain diseases such as cancer. If so, one can then begin planning for treatment with incredible lead time versus suffering a full-blown outbreak and now be forced to combat the disease at its most deadly. Not only is the person at higher risk but their healthcare costs will inevitably sky rocket. What makes this route even more appealing is the knowledge that DNA sequencing and analysis methods are increasing in accuracy while simultaneously dropping in price.Personal genomics is also poised to affect other areas of daily health such as physical fitness. Companies are now beginning to offer services that, for a set fee and cheek swab, can analyze a person’s DNA for specific genetic markers known to govern the body’s reaction to exercise. By understanding what specific markers and variants a person possesses, he or she can begin optimizing workouts to take full advantage of what the body is best designed to do.Imagine what one could do with this information. Instead of taking a bevy of medications to fix physical problems, one could instead design a fitness routine that could avoid many of those said problems, improve their health, and do so while achieving results in less time. Insurance premiums would plummet as quality of life increases. This technological shift still needs to reach critical mass in the public’s eye but the benefits are crystal clear, while the technology to make it available only becomes cheaper. The future of healthcare is already here, it is now up to everyone else to finally catch up to it.

Healthcare in Australia – Healthcare

Having a medical emergency is one of the greatest nightmares one can face when traveling overseas. Many from the United Kingdom have gotten used to having the National Health Service but when outside the country, they have been unable to cope with emergencies when on the road.There are many discussions online that have been placed in a situation requiring a medical emergency overseas. Adapting to your environment and learning the emergency services in the area where you are located. The risk is increased with availability or unavailability of emergency services. Often mentioned is Australia as it is wide and expansive and the most concentration of emergency services is in the metropolitan areas.It is important that one keeps a healthy diet and be safe when traveling overseas. Avoiding exotic food may be one of the ways to keep safe. You also need to hydrated at all times to prevent getting a heat stroke. You also need to be careful of what you drink when overseas as the water may not sit well in your stomach. Access is also very important be it telephone access or even travel access to the nearest medical facility is imperative.Another important aspect of healthcare overseas is the costs of attendant to an emergency. Medical coverage in your home country is often not extended into the country where you travel. Another issue would be the quality of medical services in the host country. This is most important in Australia, as this is a totally new domain to handle medical emergencies very much different from the United Kingdom.Many online forums suggest that health insurance coverage is one of the ways to be amply protected when moving to another country. The healthcare system in Australia is very different and it is important that medical costs are covered when you do meet an emergency. Thus having medical insurance would be your healthcare in Australia.The healthcare in Australia is free with universal access to those qualified for coverage. The funding for the system comes from a 1.5% tax levy from all taxpayers and an additional 1% from high-income earners. There is also a private health insurance system funded by health insurance organizations. You need to find out the fine print though especially the premiums and coverage so as not to be disappointed when you want to avail of the insurance coverage.A perusal of the online discussions made seem to be light hearted but much of the discussions are often serious and deep. It is important that you know the emergency and medical services access numbers in the area where you are currently located. When Down Under, you need to be well aware of the system of healthcare in Australia in order to be safe and sound. This knowledge would make the difference between life and death. Also, you need to be amply covered by insurance so that you need not have issues on the medical costs for your emergency.The best way to avoid problems when overseas is given in Australia Forum, “You also need to be proactive in protecting yourself when moving to another country such as Australia. Eating good and clean food is essential in keeping healthy when in another country.” If you do this, you will be safe and sound when overseas.

Electronic Medical Records Systems Streamline for Healthcare Processes – Healthcare

In healthcare industry, new technological advancements are taking place day by day. But, the process of storing data by pen and paper is still being used today. This approach is very true for all sorts of industries, but more so as far as the medical industry is concerned. It is very important for healthcare IT Company to implement technological advancements in their process to survive. In order to support this statement, among all the recent advancements, many medical industries are opting to have Electronic Medical Records (EMR) systems in their hospitals, offices and clinics etc.Electronic Medical Records (EMR) software will support your business needs in a number of incredible ways, even with greater patient record privacy. Just by setting some the specific permissions on documents, you are authorized to give access to those users who require viewing that document. Instead of this feature, it allows user to keep track who viewed the document recently or on which date document was modified.Let’s have a look on the some of the below listed benefits of implementing Electronic Medical Records (EMR) systems:It is more than worth its monetary value.Assessing patient info is so simple and easy.Quickly get prescriptions to pharmacies.End-of-day reporting activities can be generated directly from the EMR system.Best way to communicate with doctors.Increased productivity through the automation of medical records.Increased revenue through better coding recommendations.EMR helps to reduce expenses such as paper charts, folders and poor documentation.Saves your valuable time slot which ultimately saves your money.Retrieve documents quickly without any hassle.Ensure you with greater patient privacy.Not only it increases profit, but also improved patient care and their satisfaction.EMR software will come with numerous in-built tools that help doctors to make improved and most valuable clinical decisions.It enhances the productivity of organization by automating clinical processes.Decreases the chance of error due to poor doctor’s handwriting.With EMR, all the records kept electronically, by which patients are able to get their results quickly. The best thing is that you can have access to their medical information at any time no matter where you are in the world.Easier means for patient documentation will reduce transcription cost. It allows you to share documents easily with other employees across multiple locations. Ensure you with full safety and back-up support as all the files are retrieved and stored electronically. It will leads to an improved and quick insurance reimbursement.EMR systems lie at the center of any computerized healthcare Information systems and without them other modern technologies such as decision support systems cannot ne effectively integrated and implemented into routine clinical workflow. In this race, Prohealthware provides a reliable and efficient EMR solution to keep electronic health records in a managed format for various practices. Prohealthware offers only HIPAA compliant Electronic Medical Record Software solutions developed by Health level 7 certified developers. The approach of storing data electronically, replaces the tasks of pulling and filling patient charts manually.

Amazing Healthcare Carts Selection – Healthcare

Healthcare carts are one of the wonders you will experience when you enter the hospital or any other large healthcare facility after a long time. When you are in charge of purchasing one or more of the healthcare carts, then you know that they are many, many different types of healthcare carts. We will present an overview of the healthcare carts selection here, and make it easy for you to understand why such diversity is necessary.Why are there so many types of hospital carts (hospital trolleys)?A hospital cart is a piece of hospital furniture, typically equipped with multiple drawers, with space for multiple attachments, and always on wheels or casters. Why are there so many different types? The reason is two fold. First, the medicine has made a huge progress over the past hundred years, especially when it comes to incorporating the achievements of science, and technology into devices that are designed to measure, and intervene in the processes happening inside the human body.The huge progress made has resulted in a large number of devices that medical doctors of various specialties use on a daily basis, be it for surgeries, for drug administration, or even in life threatening situations such as inside emergency rooms, intensive care units, or inside recovery rooms.Finally, to use the plethora of new devices effectively, ergonomic hospital carts must be designed to host such medical devices, their supplies, and any accessories. Furthermore, a hospital cart must make these devices, supplies and accessories ergonomic for the doctor to use, and often at a moment’s notice. Sometimes, in a life threatening emergency. Therefore, a specialized, ergonomic design of a hospital cart becomes of utmost importance for the success of the operation, or the procedure. Of course, often times, the patient’s comfort is important just as well.Such diverse requirements for hospital carts require a large number of hospital cart types.What are some of the hospital cart typesHere is a list of the hospital cart types that you will find in any larger hospital or medical center:Emergency crash cart: These are used in emergency rooms, ICUs, for the purpose of resuscitation of a person, either from a cardiac arrest, from a suffocation, or drug overdose. They come in adult and pediatric varieties. They house an AED, automatic electronic defibrillator for heart arrest patients, instruments and tubes for restoration of breathing pathways, as well as a large number of life-saving drugs.Anesthesia cart: Used by anesthesiologists during operations, the anesthesia carts host the supplies needed for gas machines, or anesthesia machines, which are usually located right next to the anesthesia cart. Likewise, an anesthesia cart will host multiple drugs and supplies to support the work of an anesthesiologist.Medicine cart: These are specialized on hosting multiple prescription drugs for multiple patients. They have room for several “punch cards”, each of the punch cards containing specially prepared groups of medications for individual patients, for their use during the day. Medicine carts must promote good organization so the potent drugs are always administered on time.Specialty treatment carts: Just as there are many surgical specialists, so there are many different specialty treatment carts. You will find in large hospitals, surgery carts, malignant hyperthermia carts, and many more.Isolation carts: Especially in large hospitals, where there are multiple patients with a variety of conditions and diseases, it becomes important that the germs are not transported from one patient to another, making the situation worse for everyone. It was found that a major source of cross-contamination were medication carts transported from a hospital room to a hospital room. Therefore, isolation carts were invented. These are no different from medicine carts but are painted with anti-microbial paint to kill germs.Mobile instrument carts and laboratory carts: These carts are used near lab benches to accommodate the needs of the laboratory staff. Be it for blood tests, MRI tests, ECG tests, ultrasound tests, or similar, instrument carts and laboratory carts have specific requirements depending on the laboratory they are in. For instance, in MRI labs, the carts that are allowed to be used there must have special material properties not to interfere (or be influenced by) strong magnetic fields inside a MRI lab, and neither to be influenced by or influence the radio waves that are produced in the MRI equipment.Transport carts and transfer carts: Perhaps the most mundane of the healthcare carts, the transport carts, or transfer carts are nonetheless essential for the well being of the patient. Hospital linen carts are used for exchanging the bed linens, and rolling food carts are used to deliver meals directly to a hospital bed. Rolling laundry carts and rolling storage carts are used for delivery of personal items to the patient.

How Mobilization Is Transforming Healthcare – Healthcare

With increased mobilization (use of mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones), the concept of Mobile health (mHealth) has also got prominence. With other sweeping changes, it’s also changing the way healthcare solutions are delivered. This is also a revolutionary way to manage your own health. But, it is still in its nascent stages and full potential of mHealth is still not explored. It can significantly improve the quality of healthcare as well as lower down costs. All we need to achieve is a regulated system, in which consumers are connected with the care delivery ecosystem in a proper way.Growth of Mobile health (mHealth)
Most of the people think that mHealth is about communication using mobile devices, which is incorrect. Its aim is to make a healthcare ecosystem in which healthcare experts (caregivers), healthcare service providers and patients connect together. Many times, right information at the right time and right place can save you from unnecessary troubles, trauma and wastage of hard earned money. It becomes even more important in the event of a medical emergency. If all your medical records are online and can be transferred to your caregiver in a town far away from your place, it may save you a sizeable chunk of money and countless hours spent in communication.Nowadays, technology has advanced to a point, where it’s easy to optimize mHealth. Development of telecom sector has also provided flexibility, power and speed to these platforms. As far as existing infrastructure of mHealth is concerned, there are numerous mHealth apps available both for Android and iOS platforms. These apps use different software options.Stumbling blocks
Yes, there are certain stumbling blocks as well in the way of mHealth. Social, regulatory and economic factors have always acted as barriers to any such innovative concept. People aren’t quick to adopt it and government and other regulatory bodies are too slow to set firm guidelines for the regulation of such apps. There is a strong need for a regulatory framework, so that people with chronic, severe and critical illnesses can trust the system completely.As far as statistics goes, less than 20% mobile users use a smart phone and out of these 20%, a whopping 80% of the mHealth apps are linked to commercial products and services such as weight loss, wellness and fitness. The trend of people with illnesses such as allergies, skin diseases, asthma, (and lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and hypertension) using these apps are much less common.Conclusion
Mobile technologies are revolutionizing our lives and there is huge scope of these technologies in the healthcare sector, which is still running in a traditional way. There is a lot of confusion around it and people have very little authentic information about their illnesses and their treatment options. It results in people getting targeted by the “healthcare sharks”, which are busy spinning money from desperate people. A regulated healthcare ecosystem enriched with the power of mHealth can make life easier for millions of people.